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Home > Articles > How Many Varieties of Potatoes and Corns Does Peru Have?

05 November 2022

How Many Varieties of Potatoes and Corns Does Peru Have?

Peru is known for its abundance of potatoes and corn, which are cultivated in the Andean mountains. These starchy staples are used in a variety of traditional dishes, such as Papa a la Huancaína and Causa Limeña.

Packed with vitamin C, Peruvian potatoes come in all shapes and sizes, from tiny yellow fingerlings to enormous white starchy ones. They’re used in all sorts of dishes, from traditional to modern fusion creations.

From creamy to nutty to earthy, these Peruvian potato dishes will suit every taste. And with such an abundance of fresh produce available, it’s no wonder that Peruvian food is some of the most flavorful and exciting in the world. So if you’re looking for an ultimate gourmet destination, look no further than Peru.

Native food, French Fries, and Ancient Terraces

Potato, a native food in Peru

The potato is an essential part of Peruvian cuisine, with over 4,000 varieties cultivated in the country. The native potatoes were first domesticated in the Andes region of South America, and they remain a staple of the diet there today. Peruvians grow potatoes in a wide range of climates, from the highlands to the coast, and they use them in dishes both simple and elaborate. In fact, the potato is so important to Peruvian culture that it has been considered a national treasure.

Despite its humble origins, the potato has played a vital role in Peru’s history. It was a key food source for the Inca Empire and was also an important trade good. They were often exchanged for other commodities like gold and silver. Today, potatoes are still an important part of the Peruvian economy, with potato cultivation and busy exports each year.

Peruvian cuisine is renowned for its creativity and variety, and many native potato varieties are used in many different dishes.

Many potatoes and corn types

French fries might just be the perfect food. They’re crunchy and salty on the outside, soft and fluffy on the inside, and they go with just about anything. But did you know that not all French fries are created equal? It turns out that the type of potato you use can make a big difference in the taste and texture of your fries and other potato dishes. Curious? check out some of the varieties of potatoes in Peru:

  • Papa BlancaThe Papa Blanca is a white potato that is especially versatile and can be used in a number of different dishes
  • Papa AmarillaThe Papa Amarilla are yellow potatoes that have a slightly nutty flavour and are often used in stews or soups
  • Papa NegraThe Papa Negra is a black potato that has a floury, slightly sweet taste that fits most types of cuisine, also named as Papa Mariva
  • Papa RosadaThe Papa Rosada is a pink potato with a white inside, also called as Papa Canchan.
  • Papa PeruanitaA popular potato with a distinctive colour mixture and taste, very popular in Peruvian cuisine
  • Papa PúrpuraThe Peruvian purple potatoes, also known as the Jewel of the Andes, are a type of purple potato that was once favoured by the Inca kings. These potatoes are native to Peru and have a deep purple colour.

Peru is also home to a diversity of corn varieties, each with its own unique flavour and use. Chulpe corn, for instance, is a type of yellow corn that is often consumed toasted with salt.

Another common variety is Choclo corn, which has large, steamed kernels that are often served as a side dish. And then there’s Cancha corn, which is roasted and eaten as a snack. No matter what type of corn you’re looking for, you’re sure to find it in Peru.

With so many delicious Peruvian corn to choose from, it’s no wonder that Peruvian cuisine is so beloved around the world.

Ancient terrace

The ancient Incas of Peru were renowned for their wisdom and engineering prowess, and one of their most amazing feats was the construction of an extensive system of terraces for agriculture. These terraces consisted of stepped platforms built into the sides of hills, with each platform irrigated by a network of canals and channels.

The terraces not only allowed the Incas to grow a greater variety of crops but also helped to prevent soil erosion and landslides. Today, these ancient terraces are still in use, and they continue to provide a bountiful harvest of fresh potatoes, corn, and other vegetables. Thanks to the wisdom of the Incas, Peru is able to enjoy a rich harvest of nutritious foods that are packed with vitamins and minerals.

Would you try them all?

There are many reasons to try Peruvian dishes that feature potatoes and corn.

First, traditional or fusion Peruvian cuisine is hearty and filling, perfect for a meal that warms your heart. Second, popular Peruvian dishes like Lomo Saltado and Pastel de Choclo are often made with potatoes and corn, giving you a chance to try these traditional ingredients in a new way. And finally, Peruvian cuisine is known for its use of fresh, seasonal ingredients, so you can be sure that your meal will be tasty and nutritious.

Peruvian dishes with Peruvian potatoes

Lomo Saltado

One of the most popular dishes is Lomo Saltado, a stir-fry made with beef, tomatoes, onions, and peppers. The beef is usually marinated in soy sauce and vinegar, giving it a delicious savoury flavour.

The beef is cooked until it is tender, and then the vegetables are added to the pan and cooked until they are slightly softened. The fries are usually added last, and they help to thicken the sauce and give the dish a heartier flavour.

Papa a la Huancaína

Papa a la Huancaína is a potato salad that is typically made with boiled potatoes, cheese, milk, spices, and chilli peppers. The potato salad is typically served cold or at room temperature, making it a perfect option for a summer picnic.

Pastel de Choclo

Pastel de Choclo is a traditional corn pudding that is often made with meat, olives, and hard-boiled eggs. The dish is baked in a clay pot and then served hot.

Mazamorra Morada

Peruvian cuisine is as diverse as the country’s geography, featuring a variety of dishes that reflect the nation’s diverse influences. One of the most popular Peruvian dishes is Mazamorra Morada, a sweet and sticky pudding typically made with purple corn, spices, and fruits.

The pudding is typically served during the colder months, as it is thought to warm the body and soul. Mazamorra Morada is often eaten for breakfast or dessert, but it can also be enjoyed as a snack or even a main meal.

There’s always room in our stomachs

When you travel to Peru, you’ll quickly discover that there’s always room in your stomach for more food. The rich variety of potato and corn dishes is simply irresistible, and the overall atmosphere of the country is one of romanticism and hearty food.

From ceviche to quinoa soup, you’ll find yourself constantly amazed by the rich flavours and endless variety of dishes on offer. Even if you’re not a particularly adventurous eater, you’ll quickly fall in love with Peruvian cuisine. So don’t forget to pack your stretchy pants – you’re going to need them!